Lichen Constellation No.8

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Kings Pinacle, Crowders Mountain State Park, NC

​​Lichen are symbiotic organisms composed of fungi, green alga and cyanobacterium. They are an indicator species for nitrogen oxides- green house gases emitted from vehicle exhaust, and the burning of coal, oil, diesel fuel, and natural gas, especially from electric power plants. These unstable forms nitrogen contribute to climate change and acid rain. Since they receive all their nutrients from the air, lichen act as a "canary in the coal mine" for nitrogen pollution. 

​Living Sculpture​:


Lichen samples collected locally and used to create arrangements of living specimens. This also includes additional educational information about their function as bio indicators and the damaging effects of nitrogen pollution.

*Inspiration from Josef Albers' Structural Constellation series. Many thanks to the Josef and Anni Albers Foundation.

Structural Indicators No.7

Lichen Constellation No. 2

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Lichen Constellation No. 4.5

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Shenandoah National Park, VA

Dixon School Road Boulder Field, NC

Macro Photography + Op Art = Photomontage

Photographic Prints + QR Code = Interactivity

Viewer Interaction + Animation + Sound = (G)LI(T)CHEN


Lichen Specimen  + Local Plants = Living Sculpture

Paul Farmer Artist 

Structural Indicators No.5

Lichen Constellation No.10

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South Mountains State Park, NC

Structural Indicators No.6

​​​Op Art:

The photographs are digitally cut and arranged into geometric designs with unstable dimensions, sharply contrasting  the organic lichen structures.

(G)LI(T)CHEN

Copyright © Paul Farmer. All rights reserved.

Structural Indicators No.5
Structural Indicators No.3
paul farmer vimeo page

Lichen Constellation No.11

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​​Video Art: 


The photographic prints are  each contain a QR Code that leads the viewer to an animated version of that particular design on Vimeo. 
The designs are layered, animated, and sometimes glitchy. The human created sounds add contrast to the organic nature of the lichen. 

​​Macro Photography: 


Research for this project takes the form of photo-documentation.

The macro photography then becomes the source of imagery for the photomontages.